A “safe and friendly” Hanoi is a “must-visit” place in tourists’ journey of discovery and experience when coming to Vietnam. Over 1,000 years old, the Hanoi capital has a delicate and poetic appearance and ancient, charming features, and peaceful spaces. With many valuable cultural, historical, architectural heritage, unique festivals and craft villages, rich culinary culture, and many beautiful natural landscapes Travel magazines have repeatedly voted Hanoi as the most attractive tourist destination in Asia and the world.
Coming to Hanoi, visitors can ride a cyclo through the streets lined with green trees, walk around West Lake, Hoan Kiem Lake, Truc Bach Lake …, admire the ancient architecture. If you want to find moments of freedom, visitors can go to sacred temples and pagodas to burn incense to pray, etc. Equally attractive is the beauty of the old town, where there are beautiful tiny tube houses and streets but sell various products and goods. Visitors also cannot ignore Ba Dinh Square – the political center of Vietnam, the Presidential Palace, Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum. etc., or Duong Lam ancient village, Ba Vi National Park, Huong Son Scenic Area. Besides, Hanoi’s culinary culture with many delicious dishes is also a tourist attraction.
- Hanoi Attractive Tourist Destination
- Imperial Citadel of Thang Long
- Temple of Literature, Hanoi
- Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum
- Ho Chi Minh historical relic site
- President Ho Chi Minh Museum
- Hoan Kiem Lake – Ngoc Son Temple
- Hoan Kiem Lake
- Turtle Tower
- Ngoc Son Temple
- Hanoi Opera House
- Ancient city of Hanoi
- Duong Lam ancient village
- Huong pagoda
- Tran Quoc Pagoda
- Co Loa Citadel
- Vietnam Museum of Ethnology
- Van Phuc silk craft village
- The traditional village of Bat Trang ceramics
- Vietnam Ethnic Culture and Tourism Village
- Hanoi Festival
Hanoi Attractive Tourist Destination
Imperial Citadel of Thang Long
The Central Area of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long – Hanoi (including the ancient citadel of Hanoi and the archaeological site of 18 Hoang Dieu) located in the heart of Hanoi capital is a specific cultural address of Hanoi and is a World Cultural Heritage. The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long was the residence and working place of the king and the royal family under the Ly, Tran, and Le dynasties. The citadel was where the cultural ideals of the East and the rest of the globe collided. From the early 11th century through the 18th century, it was the epicenter of politics, culture, and national power. The architectural system remains on the ground and the complex of relics of the palace’s attic. Many unique relics discovered underground in the Imperial Citadel by archeology Thang Long – Hanoi is a precious heritage of the Vietnamese people and humanity. The remaining vestiges include flagpole, Doan Mon, Hau Lau, Kinh Thien Palace, the archaeological site of 18 Hoang Dieu.
Temple of Literature, Hanoi
The populations of Temple of Literature – Quoc Tu Giam and Khue Van Cac have become symbols of the thousand-year-old capital of Hanoi, where the nation’s cultural and educational traditions are honored. Temple of Literature was built in 1070, during the reign of King Ly Thanh Tong, to worship Confucius – the founder of Confucianism. Quoc Tu Giam was founded in 1076 to study for the children of princes and gods in the capital. The present monument still retains the architectural features of the Le and Nguyen dynasties after many times of repair and expansion, which had been experiencing more than 900 years with many ups and downs of history. In particular, the system of 82 famous doctoral epitaphs of more than 1,300 doctors from 1442 to 1779 at the Temple of Literature – Quoc Tu Giam has been recognized by UNESCO as a world documentary heritage. These are highly unique and rare stone records, provide valuable documents on the history of Vietnamese examinations, and contain many other cultural values.
Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum
Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is where President Ho Chi Minh’s body is located, officially started on September 2, 1973, at the location of the old platform in the middle of Ba Dinh Square – where Uncle Ho used to preside over big rallies. After President Ho Chi Minh passed away, according to the wishes of the Vietnamese people, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam decided to build a mausoleum of President Ho Chi Minh. A Russian architect designed Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum according to the original architecture with the Mausoleum of Lenin. Around the mausoleum, many rows of trees are planted, typical for rural mountainous areas of Vietnam such as Cao Bang bamboo, Hung temple brown tree, Dien Bien flower. The unique value of the work is the construction materials brought from all over the country. The sand was taken from the Kim Boi stream in Hoa Binh; pebbles were taken from Son Duong – Chiem Hoa, stuffed stone from Thanh Hoa, marble from Thay Pagoda, red stone from Ngu Hanh Son, and 16 kinds of precious wood in Truong Son Range.
Ho Chi Minh historical relic site
President Ho Chi Minh’s memorial site at the Presidential Palace is the most extended living and working place of President Ho Chi Minh (from December 19, 1954, to September 2, 1969), approved by the Ministry of Culture. – Information (now the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism) ranked at the national level in 1975 and ranked at the extraordinary national level by the Prime Minister in 2009. Several works of great value in the site such as Uncle Ho’s stilt house, house 54, meeting room of the Politburo, house 67, flower truss of the Presidential Palace, Kitchen A and kitchen B, the Prime Minister’s house, house signing decrees, Mango street, Uncle Ho’s trail Uncle Ho’s fish pond.
President Ho Chi Minh Museum
Ho Chi Minh Museum is a cultural work commemorating President Ho Chi Minh. The construction was started on August 31, 1985, and inaugurated on May 19, 1990, on the 100th anniversary of President Ho Chi Minh’s birthday. The building bears the symbol of a white lotus, symbolizing the noble and straightforward life of President Ho Chi Minh and at the same time expressing the deep respect and gratitude of the Vietnamese people for the beloved leader.
Hoan Kiem Lake – Ngoc Son Temple
Historical relics and scenic spots Hoan Kiem Lake and Ngoc Son Temple are notable national monuments, one of the unique cultural symbols of the Hanoi capital.
Hoan Kiem Lake
Hoan Kiem Lake is located in the city’s heart, with about 12 hectares, surrounded by Dinh Tien Hoang, Le Thai To, and Hang Khay streets about 1,800m long. The lake’s surface is a large mirror reflecting the shadows of ancient trees, graceful willow groves, ancient temples and pagodas, and new high-rise buildings reaching up to the blue sky. Hoan Kiem Lake means sword return lake, folk called Sword Lake for short. That name appeared from a legend in the reign of King Le Thai To, 15th century. Legend has it that the king was given a precious sword by heaven to help defeat the Ming invaders and liberate the country. One year after expelling the Ming invaders, King Le Loi rode a dragon boat around Ta Vong lake one day, and Long Quan sent a golden turtle to claim the magic sword back. When the dragon boat came to the middle of the lake, suddenly, a giant turtle popped its head and shell out of the water. The golden tortoise sticks its head up high, approaches the king’s boat, and says: “Please return the sword to Long Quan!”. The king drew his sword and threw it at the golden turtle. Quickly, the turtle opened its mouth to grab the Sword and dive into the water. Since then, Ta Vong lake began to be called Sword Lake or Hoan Kiem Lake.
This tower is an architectural work of Sword Lake. The tower’s name is Quy Son tower, i.e., Turtle Mountain tower (because it is a natural island on summer days, turtles often come up to bask in the sun and lay eggs). Turtle Tower has started construction around 1884 – 1886. Turtle Tower has become a familiar image to Hanoi residents and tourists worldwide through many ups and downs. The stupa is on a large mound of about 350m2. The square has three floors, ground floor building more broadly, then shrink gradually upstairs, is a combination of architectural styles in Europe with outlets on Congo – Area of two lower floors. Still, the curved roof keeps the Vietnamese architectural style.
Ngoc Son Temple
Ngoc Son Temple is located on Ngoc Island in Hoan Kiem Lake. Ngoc Son Temple worships Saints Tran Hung Dao and Quan Vu De and two martial arts generals classified as “Saints.” Ngoc Son Temple is also the place to witness naval drills of the Dai Viet army. In 1864, patriotic Confucian Nguyen Van Sieu stood out to repair the whole scene. In the temple, he highly valued the worship of the god Van Xuong, the master star in charge of the election according to Taoist beliefs. He built a stone dam at the foot of the island, built Tran Ba communal house right in front of the temple, and looked directly at Turtle Island. The current architecture of Ngoc Son temple retains the scale and design from the time of Nguyen Van Sieu’s renovation. From the outside, the architectural works of the temple include: Nghi Mon outside, Tower Pen, Nghi Mon interior, Dai Nghien, The Huc bridge, Dac Nguyet gate, Tran Ba communal house, Tien Te house, Middle street, harem, left Huu Vu, Kinh Thu house, Hau house (Turtle room).
Hanoi Opera House
Hanoi Opera House was built by the French colonial government on June 7, 1901. The designers of the work sought to refer to the ancient Greek architecture of Corinth combined with the style of the castle of Tuylory and the Paris Opera to create a separate architectural block. Hanoi Opera House has excellent value in terms of history, architecture, and use-value. It is historical evidence of Hanoi and Vietnam’s cultural and social development during the French colonial period, a relic of a period of architectural growth in Vietnam in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Hanoi Opera House and Theater Square are significant historical events associated with the August Revolution and the early years of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The building has been upgraded and renovated many times. It is worthy of its role as a typical cultural center of Hanoi and the whole country and Southeast Asia.
Ancient city of Hanoi
Hanoi’s Old Quarter was formed in the early 15th century, bounded by Hang Dau Street in the North, Phung Hung Street in the West, Tran Nhat Duat, Tran Quang Khai Streets, and in the East and South by Hang Bong Street, Hang Gai, Cau Go, and Hang Thung. Hanoi Old Quarter is also known as “Hanoi 36 streets”. This is just a conventional way of calling the streets and wards located both inside and outside the old quarter today. Today, the trade in the old quarter is restored, developed, and busier than before. Many old houses have been renovated, renovated, and rebuilt with many styles; Many communal houses, temples, and pagodas were repaired. Some homes in the Old Quarter have been renovated into mini-hotels, specialty eateries, tourist offices, and souvenir shops. Coming to Hanoi Old Quarter, visitors will have the opportunity to immerse themselves in the daily life of Hanoians, experience the walking street and Dong Xuan night market on weekend evenings.
Duong Lam ancient village
Duong Lam (also known as Ke Cho) is 4km from Son Tay town, including nine villages: Mong Phu, Dong Sang, Doai Giap, Cam Thinh, Cam Lam, Phu Khang, Ha Tan, Hung Thinh, and the Temple of Literature. This land has over 1,200 years and is Bo Cai Dai Vuong Phung Hung, Ngo Quyen, and Giang Van Minh’s flower detective. The ancient village in Duong Lam represents an ancient Vietnamese village that still retains many communal houses, pagodas, temples, shrines, family churches, and hundreds of old houses with typical folk houses in the Red River Delta. Those are typical houses in terms of architecture; materials are wood, laterite, tiled roof with interior and exterior keeping the original architectural design. Duong Lam is also famous for cane chicken, rí rice, striped rice, sorghum, soy sauce, powdered candy, and plain cake.
Huong Pagoda, located on the right bank of the Day River in Huong Son Commune, My Duc District, Hanoi, is a cultural-religious complex of Vietnam. It includes dozens of Buddhist temples, several temples worshiping gods, and communal temples honoring agricultural beliefs. The cluster of temples in this region is the Perfume Pagoda located in the Huong Tich cave, also known as the Trong pagoda. The temple was built on a significant scale around the 17th century and was restored in 1988. January 6th every year is the opening day of the festival. The festival usually lasts until the third week of the lunar month. On the occasion of the celebration, millions of Buddhists and tourists from all over the world are excited to visit the Perfume Pagoda festival to find a land of Buddha – where Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara is currently practicing.
Tran Quoc Pagoda
Tran Quoc Pagoda was built during the reign of Ly Nam De (541 – 547), named Khai Quoc. One of Hanoi’s oldest pagodas is near the end of Thanh Nien Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi. Once the Buddhist center of Thang Long Imperial Citadel in the Ly and Tran dynasties, with historical and architectural values, Tran Quoc Pagoda is famous as a sacred Buddha’s door, attracting many Buddhist followers, visitors and tourists.
Co Loa Citadel
Co Loa was the capital of the Au Lac state under An Duong Vuong dynasty around the 3rd century BC and of the feudal state under Ngo Quyen in the 10th century AD. Archaeologists assess co Loa Citadel as “the oldest citadel, the largest scale, the structure is also the most unique in the history of the citadel construction of the ancient Vietnamese.” Every year, on the 6th day of the first lunar month, Co Loa residents hold a solemn ceremony to remember the ancient people who built the citadel and be grateful to King An Duong Vuong.
Vietnam Museum of Ethnology
The Vietnam Museum of Ethnology is 4 hectares, started construction at the end of 1987, and was inaugurated in 1997. This is a work designed by architect Ha Duc Linh (a resident). Tay ethnic group) and French architect Véronique Dollfus, including three main exhibition areas: the exhibition area in the Drum Dong building, the outdoor exhibition area, and the Southeast Asia exhibition area. The museum preserves and displays many cultural artifacts of all 54 ethnic groups in Vietnam. In the museum’s outdoor space, there are ten folk architectural works such as the communal house of the people Ba Na, the long stilt house of the Ede, the Tay’s stilt house, the Dao’s half-stilt house, and the Dao people’s home, the Hmong’s ground floor roofed with pomu, the Ha Nhi’s wall house, Gia’s collective grave. Rai and the private tomb of the Co Tu people. There are water puppet shows in front of the Vietnamese house by folk puppeteers from different villages on Saturdays and Sundays.
Van Phuc silk craft village
Located on the banks of the Nhue River, about 10km southwest of Hanoi center, Van Phuc village was famous for silk weaving thousands of years ago. Van Phuc silk is unlike any other silk woven in other towns because of the soft material and the sophistication in each silk thread, each decorative motif. To create the above-mentioned excellent silk products, manual weavers have to go through a complicated technical process, many stages: silk, silk paste, weaving, dyeing, drying, etc. Each production set must be carried out according to strict procedures, requiring high technology and elaboration. Van Phuc village today has become Van Phuc ward in Ha Dong district. Silk village has maintained its traditional weaving and attracted many domestic and foreign tourists to learn about the craft and purchase Ha Dong silk products.
The traditional village of Bat Trang ceramics
Bat Trang ceramic village, in Bat Trang commune, Gia Lam district, Hanoi city has hundreds of years. The products of Bat Trang ceramic village are affluent and diverse, but the most famous are bricks and ceramics. Bat Trang bricks have a characteristic size and color that is not mixed with any brick of a craft village in the country. Bat Trang bricks also exist in the architectural works of Thang Long Imperial Citadel, Temple of Literature – Quoc Tu Giam, communal houses, temples, pagodas, shrines, lakes, wells of Vietnamese villages throughout the country. Along with Bat Trang tiles, Bat Trang ceramics are also famous nationally and internationally. Bat Trang ceramics have many designs, types, sizes, classified by function. Many styles have been exported to Europe, America, Taiwan, Korea, Japan.
Vietnam Ethnic Culture and Tourism Village
Ethnic Culture and Tourism Village of Vietnam is located in Dong Mo, Son Tay town, Hanoi, 40km west of the center of Hanoi capital. This complex of beautiful landscapes and the charming mountains of Son Tay, Ba Vi, and Dong Mo lakes with rich vegetation. This place is a center of cultural – sports – tourism activities of national character. The focus is on recreating, preserving, promoting, and exploiting the traditional cultural heritages of 54 ethnic groups in Vietnam. In particular, at the Vietnam Ethnic Culture and Tourism Village, the cultural space of each ethnic group is fully recreated, intact, authentic, and vivid through the actual activities of the ethnic communities. Vietnamese ethnicity.
Hanoi is not only “remembered” for its charming scenery, unique dishes but also impressed by special festivals. Festivals in this land of thousands of years of civilization are often imbued with the cultural colors of the Red River Delta. They are associated with the legends of the period of national construction and defense. Here are some typical festivals:
Huong Pagoda Festival
Huong Pagoda Festival takes place in Huong Son commune, in My Duc district, Hanoi. January 6th is the opening day of the festival. The festival usually lasts until the third week of the lunar month. The unique feature of the Perfume Pagoda festival is the pleasure of sitting on a boat and getting lost in the Buddha realm. Therefore, talking about Perfume Pagoda is thinking about the ship – a form of boat culture of Vietnamese residents since ancient times. And up to now, the boating festival at Huong Pagoda has always inspired people to go to the festival.
Giong Temple Festival is held in Phu Linh commune, Soc Son district (Hanoi), on January 6. According to legend, after defeating the An enemy, Phu Linh was the last stop of Saint Giong before flying to heaven. To commemorate the merits of the Holy Spirit, here, the people built the Soc temple relic, including six works. In particular, the Thuong temple is the place to worship Saint Giong. It organizes festivals full of traditional rituals such as the Moc Duc ceremony, procession, incense offering ceremony, elephant and horse transformation ceremony. Giong Festival is also held at the temple. Phu Dong, Phu Dong commune, Gia Lam, Hanoi – the legendary hero Thanh Giong.
Dong Da mound festival
Dong Da mound festival takes place every year on the 5th day of Tet at Dong Da mound, Quang Trung ward, Dong Da district, Hanoi. This is a festival held to commemorate the outstanding merits of King Quang Trung – a hero in the history of the nation against foreign invaders. The most unique in the festival is the image of the “fire dragon.” Young people from the two villages of Dong Quang and Khuong Thuong race to braid straw into the shape of giant dragons and decorate it with mocha and mache. A group of young people wearing the same costumes walked around the Fire Dragon procession and performed kung fu to recreate the image of the old battle, demonstrating the spirit of the Tay Son insurgents.
As the cultural center of the North for many centuries, in Hanoi, it is possible to find and enjoy the dishes of many other lands, but the cuisine here also has its distinctive features. Coming to Hanoi, one cannot miss the opportunity to enjoy typical dishes such as Vong village nuggets, Hanoi pho, bun cha, vermicelli, Thanh Tri rolls, La Vong fish cakes, Ho Tay shrimp cakes, etc.
Considered a potential destination, Hanoi is one of the top priority choices of domestic and foreign tourists. Those who came to Hanoi can feel that in addition to the pomp and splendor of Hanoi, this place is quiet, with the mossy spreading relics over time.